El grupo de investigación tiene como objetivo generar conocimiento en áreas relevantes para el país en temáticas relacionadas con la salud y producción animal, medicina de poblaciones, zoonosis y medicina de la conservación. Para el cumplimiento de este objetivo el grupo desarrolla proyectos de investigación enmarcado en cinco líneas de investigación las cuales son: Producción animal, Medicina de Poblaciones, Medicina de la Conservación, Zoonosis y Salud Animal. Los proyectos realizados en el campo de la medicina de la conservación han permitido la conservación de especies nativas tales como el pez capitán de la sabana y la Pacarana.
Using of Okara in diets for growing broilers
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of okara inclusion in diet for growing broilers on performance, carcass yield, blood and bone variables, quality and lipid oxidation of meat and economic viability. For that, 575 Cobb 21-days-old male broilers were distributed in a completely randomized design with four levels of okara inclusion (25, 50, 75 and 100 g of okara/kg diet) and a control group with five replicates and 23 birds each. There was no difference (P>0.05) in function of okara levels on the performance variables, carcass yield, bone variables and serum triglycerides, calcium and phosphorus at 42 days old. Serum cholesterol levels showed a quadratic response (P<0.05), in which the lowest value estimated was 65.3 g of okara/kg of diet. Okara can be included in diets for broilers up to the level of 100g/kg without affecting the performance, carcass yield, bone variables and lipid oxidation of meat. However, the best economic results were observed up to 50g of okara/kg of diet.
Resposta de linfonodos em bovinos inoculados a campo com a vacina recombinante rSBm7462 anti Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus)
A dependência exclusiva de compostos químicos para o controle de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tornou-se uma das maiores preocupações científicas e econômicas dos últimos anos, e como consequência, estão sendo realizadas pesquisas para o desenvolvimento de vacinas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a resposta de linfonodos de bovinos imunizados a campo com o peptídeo rSBm7462 anti R. (B.) microplus. Foram utilizados 14 bovinos mestiços (Bos taurus x Bos indicus), com idades entre 4-10 meses, mantidos em duas propriedades rurais do norte do estado de Minas Gerais. Os animais receberam três imunizações do peptídeo rSBm7462, aplicados por via subcutânea, com intervalo de 30 dias. Após 15 dias de cada imunização, os linfonodos pré-escapulares foram coletados e fixados por 18 horas em formol. Posteriormente, foram incluídos em Paraplast e as amostras foram coradas pela técnica hematoxilina-eosina (HE) para a observação de eventos celulares. Para a identificação do antígeno nos linfonodos dos animais imunizados, foi realizada a técnica de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) com o método peroxidase-anti-peroxidase (PAP). A resposta de linfonodos dos bovinos inoculados foi avaliada pelas análises de formação de centros germinais (CG), hiperplasia de cordões medulares (CM) e a presença do antígeno rSBm7462 em células PAP+, demonstrando que o peptídeo recombinante rSBm7462 induz uma resposta imune adaptativa T-dependente, caracterizada nos tecidos linfóides secundários pela formação de estruturas que conferem afinidade e memória imunológica.
Propolis residue inclusion in the diet affects digestive enzyme activity in broiler chickens
This study investigated the effects of the inclusion of solid propolis residue (PR) from alcoholic propolis extraction in the diets of broiler chickens from 1 to 21-d of age on their performance, intestinal morphology, and digestive enzyme activity. 405 male chicks were distributed in a completely randomized design with five treatments (inclusion of 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4% PR in the diets), and three replications with 27 birds each. The birds were fed experimental diets from 1 to 21-d of age and basal diet from 22 to 42-d of age. Feed intake (from 1 to 21-d and 1 to 42-d of age) decreased linearly with increasing levels of PR inclusion (P < 0.05). Dietary inclusion of PR did not affect intestinal morphology at 7 and 21-d of age (P > 0.05). Pancreatic amylase activity presented a quadratic response at 7 and 21-d of age, with its lowest activity estimated at 2.45 and 1.91% PR inclusion, respectively. At 7-d of age, trypsin activity decreased linearly, whereas chymotrypsin activity varied quadratically, with its activity estimated at 2.06% PR inclusion. Intestinal maltase activity varied quadratically with lowest activity predicted at 1.57% PR inclusion at 21-d of age. The dietary inclusion of solid propolis residue of propolis decreases feed intake in broilers and modulates their intestinal and pancreatic enzyme activity.
Plasmodium vivax in vitro continuous culture: The spoke in the wheel
Understanding the life cycle of Plasmodium vivax is fundamental for developing strategies aimed at controlling and eliminating this parasitic species. Although advances in omic sciences and high-throughput techniques in recent years have enabled the identification and characterization of proteins which might be participating in P. vivax invasion of target cells, exclusive parasite tropism for invading reticulocytes has become the main obstacle in maintaining a continuous culture for this species. Such advance that would help in defining each parasite protein’s function in the complex process of P. vivax invasion, in addition to evaluating new therapeutic agents, is still a dream. Advances related to maintenance, culture medium supplements and the use of different sources of reticulocytes and parasites (strains and isolates) have been made regarding the development of an in vitro culture for P. vivax; however, only some cultures having few replication cycles have been obtained to date, meaning that this parasite’s maintenance goes beyond the technical components involved. Although it is still not yet clear which molecular mechanisms P. vivax prefers for invading young CD71+ reticulocytes [early maturation stages (I-II-III)], changes related to membrane proteins remodelling of such cells could form part of the explanation. The most relevant aspects regarding P. vivax in vitro culture and host cell characteristics have been analysed in this review to explain possible reasons why the species’ continuous in vitro culture is so difficult to standardize. Some alternatives for P. vivax in vitro culture have also been described
Physiological and Molecular Characterization of Malassezia pachydermatis Reveals No Differences between Canines and Their Owners
The genus Malassezia comprises 17 species of commensal and pathogenic yeasts of homeotherms animal skin. The most common species are M. furfur, M. globosa, and M. sympodialis in humans and M. pachydermatis in animals. However, some publications have reported potentially serious human infections by M. pachydermatis in individuals with risk factors and the isolation of human species from domestic animals. Given the scarcity of information about their capacity for transmission between hosts and zoonotic potential, the aim of the present study was to physiologically and molecularly characterize Malassezia spp. isolates obtained from canines and their human owners. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was conducted at the Veterinary Clinic of Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales of Bogotá (Colombia) from July 2015 to December 2016. Phenotypic identification and molecular characterization via the amplification of the 5.8S rDNA- ITS2 and 26S rDNA gene regions, nucleic acid sequencing, and phylogenetic analyses were performed on isolates originating from canines with otitis externa and from the skin of healthy owners compatible with Malassezia spp. Results: Eighty samples were cultured, of which 32 (40%) were suggestive of Malassezia spp. A total of 29 out of 46 (63%) isolates in canines and 3 out of 34 (9%) isolates in humans corresponded entirely with M. pachydermatis. Isolates from the canines and their owners presented similar behavior in biochemical and phospholipase activity tests, 100% molecular sequence identities, and close proximity in the phylogenetic trees. Conclusion: The isolation of M. pachydermatis from humans and their dogs with identity based on biochemical, physiological, molecular, and phylogenetic perspectives indicate the ability of this species to adapt to new hosts and its potential for zoonotic transmission. These findings contribute to knowledge of the ecology of this important fungus in human and veterinary medicine.