Cruz Elena Enríquez Valencia

GRUPOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN: CIENCIA ANIMAL

LÍNEAS DE INVESTIGACIÓN:   Salud Humana y Animal y Sostenibilidad Ambiental

 

FACULTAD:  Ciencias Agropecuarias

CATEGORÍA MINCIENCIAS:    Junior

NIVEL DE FORMACIÓN: 

Zootecnista egresada de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, con Maestría en Ciencias Agropecuarias, línea producción Animal Tropical y Doctora en Genética y Mejoramiento Animal de la Universidad Estatal Paulista «Júlio de Mesquita Filho» (UNESP) de Brasil. Docente Investigadora Junior del grupo de investigación Ciencia Animal de la Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias U.D.C.A. Docente de cursos en Genética, Sistemas de producción bovina, Investigación, Bioestadística y Diseño Experimental de los programas de Zootecnia, Medicina Veterinaria, Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia y Maestría en Ciencias Veterinarias. Investigadora en áreas de Genética Molecular Animal, Mejoramiento Animal y Conservación de recursos Zoogenéticos. Sus principales investigaciones se han desarrollado en la evaluación de proteínas y genes asociadas a características de calidad de la carne bovina.

PALABRAS CLAVE:   Genética Animal, Mejoramiento Animal, Biologia Molecular

PRODUCTOS DESTACADOS

Regulación genética de la determinación sexual y diferenciación gonadal en peces teleósteos
Fecha de publicación: 10/01/2022

Comprender el control en la determinación y la diferenciación del sexo en peces es fundamental para mejorar aspectos de manejo, productividad, economía y conservación de las especies. El objetivo de esta revisión es brindar información de los principales mecanismos genético-moleculares de determinación y diferenciación sexual en peces teleósteos. La búsqueda de información se desarrolló entre 2019 – 2021 a través de bases de datos bibliográficas utilizando frases como: “sex determination fish”, “sexual differentiation fish”  y “sex neotropical fish”. La selección de la información se realizó llevando en consideración máximo 10 años de publicación, descartando documentos considerados como tesis de maestría o doctorado. La determinación del sexo puede ser definido por sistemas cromosómicos como XX/XY, ZZ/ZW, XX/X0, ZZ/Z0, XX1, XX2 y X1X2Y o modulado por diferentes genes autosómicos tales como cyp19a1, foxl2, figladmrt1, sox9, amhgsdf, sin embargo, a pesar de los grandes avances en la investigación en el área molecular, el proceso de regulación en la determinación y diferenciación del sexo en peces aún no está completamente dilucidado, especialmente en especies Neotropicales.

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Association of CAST2, HSP90AA1, DNAJA1 and HSPB1 genes with meat tenderness in Nellore cattle
Fecha de publicación: 30/04/2018

The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of expression of CAPN1, CAPN2, CAST, HSP90AA1, DNAJA1 and HSPB1 genes with meat tenderness in Nellore cattle. Three experimental groups were selected by shear force (SF): moderately tender (SF = 34.3 ± 5.8 N), moderately tough (SF = 56.8 ± 7.8 N), and very tough meat (SF = 80.4 ± 15 N). Gene expression was evaluated by real-time PCR. Expression of the CAPN1, CAPN2, CAST and CAST1 genes did not differ between groups. Expression of the CAST2 was up-regulated (P < 0.05) in the moderately tough and very tough meat groups. Down-regulation of the HSP90AA1, DNAJA1 and HSPB1 genes (P < 0.05) was observed in the moderately tender meat group. The present results suggest that meat tenderness in Nellore cattle does not directly depend on the expression of the CAPN1 and CAPN2 genes, but is associated with the expression of other genes such as CAST2, HSP90AA1, DNAJA1 and HSPB1.


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Effect of the g.98535683A > G SNP in the CAST gene on meat traits of Nellore beef cattle (Bos indicus) and their crosses with Bos taurus
Fecha de publicación: 31/01/2017

The objective of this study was to estimate allele frequencies of the g.98535683A > G:BTAU7 SNP in the CAST gene in different genetic groups of beef cattle produced in Brazil (Nellore and their crosses with Bos taurus), and to evaluate associations between this polymorphism and meat traits. Five hundred animals from six different genetic groups were genotyped and phenotyped for shear force (SF), myofibrillar fragmentation index (MFI), rib eye area, backfat thickness, and total lipids. Alleles A and G of the SNP were detected in all genetic groups and the frequency of A was higher than G. Significant association (P < 0.05) was observed between the polymorphism and meat tenderness (SF and MFI), in which genotype AA exhibited the best values. These results demonstrate for the first time the occurrence of the studied SNP in a Zebu breed and its potential application to the genetic improvement of meat tenderness in the Nellore breed (Bos indicus) and its crosses with Bos taurus.


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Random regression models for milk, fat and protein in Colombian Buffaloes
Fecha de publicación: 30/04/2015

Objective. Covariance functions for additive genetic and permanent environmental effects and, subsequently, genetic parameters for test-day milk (MY), fat (FY) protein (PY) yields and mozzarella cheese (MP) in buffaloes from Colombia were estimate by using Random regression models (RRM) with Legendre polynomials (LP). Materials and Methods. Test-day records of MY, FY, PY and MP from 1884 first lactations of buffalo cows from 228 sires were analyzed. The animals belonged to 14 herds in Colombia between 1995 and 2011. Ten monthly classes of days in milk were considered for test-day yields. The contemporary groups were defined as herd-year-month of milk test-day. Random additive genetic, permanent environmental and residual effects were included in the model. Fixed effects included the contemporary group, linear and quadratic effects of age at calving, and the average lactation curve of the population, which was modeled by third-order LP. Random additive genetic and permanent environmental effects were estimated by RRM using third- to- sixth-order LP. Residual variances were modeled using homogeneous and heterogeneous structures. Results. The heritabilities for MY, FY, PY and MP ranged from 0.38 to 0.05, 0.67 to 0.11, 0.50 to 0.07 and 0.50 to 0.11, respectively. Conclusions. In general, the RRM are adequate to describe the genetic variation in test-day of MY, FY, PY and MP in Colombian buffaloes


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Intramammary infusion of Weissella confusa affects somatic cell counts and milk differential leukocyte count
Fecha de publicación: 10/03/2015

The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as an alternative to antimicrobial usage has been proposed for the control of bovine mastitis. However, before its application, the in vivo effects of the LAB on mammary gland must be carefully evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine whether the intramammary infusion of Weissella confusa and its metabolites in cows affects the somatic cell counts (SCCs) and milk differential leukocyte count. Twenty-four mammary quarters of six Hartón del Valle cows were selected for the investigation. A 5mL aliquot of an aqueous solution of W. confusa cells (W) (concentration of 109cfu mL-1), 5mL of W. confusa cells with its metabolites (W+W10b) or 5mL of metabolites (W10b) was randomly applied to three mammary quarters of each cow. The remaining teat on each udder represented the experimental control units (C). At 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13 and 15 days post-infusion (PI), the SCCs, pH, titrable acidity and milk differential leukocyte count were evaluated. The application of the three biological substances produced significant increases in SCCs, pH and polymorphonuclear neutrophil counts. No significant differences between W and W+W10b infusion were found. W10b resulted in a lesser alteration on the variables evaluated. The results suggest that the intramammary infusion of W. confusa and its metabolites affect the SCCs and milk differential leukocyte count in cows.


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